The Muslim Brotherhood: Hasan Al-Hudaybi and Ideology
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The Muslim Brotherhood: Hasan Al-Hudaybi and Ideology

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Barbara H. E. Zollner
308 g
234x156x12 mm
Routledge Studies in Political

Introduction Part 1: The Muslim Brotherhood during the Years 1949-1973 1. The Brotherhood in Disarray: The Legacy of Hasan al-Banna 2. The Struggle for New Leadership: Al-Hudaybi and his Competitors 3. The Brotherhood and the Revolution: Co-Operation, Contention, Clash 4. The Time of Persecution: Dissolved but not Dispelled 5. Reestablishment under a New Paradigm Part 2: The Discourse of the Prison Years: Radical Ideas and Moderate Responses 6. Sayyid Qutb: Father of Radical Islamist Ideas? 7. Qutbists and their Worldview Part 3: Preachers not Judges 8. Text, Composition and Authorship 9. The Ultimate Question: Muslim or Kafir? 10. Shari'a: Divine Law or Human Consent 11. The theology of an Islamic Government 12. Obedience or Opposition
The Muslim Brotherhood is one of the most influential Islamist organisations today. Based in Egypt, its network includes branches in many countries of the Near and Middle East. Although the organisation has been linked to political violence in the past, it now proposes a politically moderate ideology. The book provides an in-depth analysis of the Muslim Brotherhood during the years of al-Hudaybi's leadership, and how he sought to steer the organization away from the radical wing, inspired by Sayyid Qutb, into the more moderate Islamist organization it is today. It is his legacy which eventually fostered the development of non-violent political ideas. During the years of persecution, 1954 to 1971, radical and moderate Islamist ideas emerged within the Brotherhood's midst. Inspired by Sayyid Qutb's ideas, a radical wing evolved which subsequently fed into radical Islamist networks as we know them today. Yet, it was during the same period that al-Hudaybi and his followers proposed a moderate political interpretation, which was adopted by the Brotherhood and which forms its ideological basis today.