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Symmetries in Physics

Symmetries in Physics

Proceedings of the International Symposium Held in Honor of Professor Marcos Moshinsky at Cocoyoc, Morelos, México, June 3-7, 1991
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1 Group Theory and the Harmonic Oscillator: The Work of Marcos Moshinsky.- 1.1 Introduction.- 1.2 Schematic theory of nuclear reactions.- 1.3 The Moshinsky brackets.- 1.4 Marcos' harmonic oscillator.- 1.5 Group theory and nuclear structure.- 1.6 Classical canonical transformations and their unitary representation.- 1.7 Rendering accidental degenerancy non-accidental.- 1.8 Collective models.- 1.9 Structure of matter in strong magnetic fields.- 1.10 Relativistic oscillators.- Electronic and Molecular Physics.- 2 Generalizing the BCS Universal Constants to High-Temperature Superconductivity.- 2.1 Introduction.- 2.2 Generalized BCS Tc-formula.- 2.3 Conclusion.- 3 Fermion Clustering in an Exactly- Soluble N-Fermion Model for Hadronic, Nuclear, and Superconductivity Physics.- 3.1 Introduction.- 3.2 Cooper pairing.- 3.3 Conclusions.- 4 The Scattering Approach to Quantum Electronic Transport.- 4.1 Introduction.- 4.2 Two-terminal systems.- 4.3 Beyond the isotropic model.- 4.4 A three-terminal system.- 5 Symmetry-Avoided Crossings and their Role in the Catalytic Activity of Transition Metals.- 5.1 A personal introduction.- 5.2 General introduction.- 5.3 Method.- 5.4 Results.- 5.5 Conclusions.- Nuclear Physics.- 6 The Symplectic Model and Potential-Energy Surfaces.- 6.1 Introduction.- 6.2 The pseudo-symplectic model.- 6.3 A procedure to construct a PES.- 6.4 Application to 1224Mg and 92238U.- 6.5 Conclusions.- 7 The SU(3) Generalization of Racah's SU(2j + 1) ? SU (2) Group-Subgroup Embedding.- 7.1 Introduction.- 7.2 Resumé of Racah's method.- 7.3 The U(3) ? U(dim[m]) embedding.- 7.4 Racah basis for the Lie algebra of any subgroup G ? U(dim[m]).- 7.5 Zeroes of U(3) Racah coefficients.- 8 Scaling and Universality in the Shock Compression of Condensed Matter.- 8.1 Introduction.- 8.2 Rankine-Hugoniot equations.- 8.3 Universality.- 8.4 The empirical expressions for the pressure and internal energy on the shock Hugoniot.- 8.5 A law of corresponding states: scaling.- 8.6 Formal implicit solution for the pressure on the Hugoniot..- 8.7 Conditions on R(P, V) for a double pole in PH(V).- 8.8 Consistency conditions.- 8.9 The complete equation of state in the strong shock regime.- 8.10 The thermodynamic coefficients, the specific heat and the Grüneisen parameter.- 8.11 A thermodynamic expression for the constant A.- 8.12 Summary of results and conclusions.- 9 Deriving Nuclei from Quarks.- 9.1 Introduction.- 9.2 Boson expansions.- 9.3 Iterative mappings of quark systems.- 9.4 The Bonn quark shell model.- 9.5 Results of test calculations for 16O.- 9.6 Concluding remarks.- 10 Binding Energies of Nuclei and Atoms.- Particles and Relativity.- 11 The Relativistic Oscillator and Mass Formulas.- 12 Relativistic Equations in External Fields.- 12.1 Introduction.- 12.2 The Dirac oscillator, a study case.- 12.3 Extended supersymmetric Hamiltonians.- 12.4 Dirac equation in 3 + 1 dimensions.- 12.5 Susy Dirac equation in 4 + 1 and 2 + 1 dimensions.- 12.6 Beyond supersymmetry.- 12.7 Conclusions.- 13 A Parallelism Between Quantum Gravity and the IR Limit in QCD (Emergence of Hadron and Nuclear Symmetries).- 13.1 Symmetries in Nuclei: the IBM Quadrupolar Algebraics.- 13.2 Gravity-like features in hadron dynamics.- 13.3 Flavor SU(3) is generated by QCD, once the fifth is set aside.- 13.4 "Effective" strong gravity is induced by QCD.- 13.5 The algebraics of hadrons and nuclei (classical and quantum).- 13.6 Hadron systematics.- 13.7 The interacting boson model in nuclei.- 13.8 Quadrupolar symmetries in nuclei.- ...
Marcos Moshinsky was born on 20 April 1921, in Kiev, Ukraine, and em igrated to Mexico at the age of four. He began work at the Universidad N acional Aut6noma de Mexico on 1 January 1942, as a laboratory assis tant working on the measurement of cosmic rays. He pursued his graduate studies at Princeton University, and wrote his thesis under the supervision of Professor Eugene Wigner. Since 1949, and in spite of many visits and temporary posts held abroad, Moshinsky has been based in Mexico. Through example and encouragement, Moshinsky may be credited to a large extent with the shaping of Mexican scientific research. He has di rected 40 B. Sc. , M. Sc. , and Ph. D. theses, and published over 200 scientific articles and four books; he holds all the Mexican science prizes, and sev eral international ones, being a member of 11 academies of learning. Talent and circumstance have placed Marcos Moshinsky at the origin of several of the enterprises of the Mexican and Latin American scientific communities: he was founding editor of the Revista Mexicana de F{sica from 1952 to 1967; the Escuela Latinoamericana de Fisica was initiated and five times organized by him in Mexico; he was founding member and later president of the Academia de la Investigaci6n Cientifica (1962-1963), the Sociedad Mexicana de Fisica (1967-1969), and the Centro Internacional de Fisica y Matematicas A plicadas (1986-), in Cuernavaca.

Mehr zum Thema

    Dirac equation; cluster; condensed matter; Equation of State; Hadron; molecular physics; Nuclear Physics; nuclear reaction; Particle Physics; Particles; Photoelectron spectroscopy; Quantum gravity; Quantum Mechanics; scattering; Superconductivity

Produktdetails

Autor: Alejandro Frank
ISBN-13: 9783642772863
ISBN: 3642772862
Einband: Book
Seiten: 420
Gewicht: 713 g
Format: 242x170x22 mm
Sprache: Englisch

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Rezensionen

Autor: Alejandro Frank
ISBN-13:: 9783642772863
ISBN: 3642772862
Erscheinungsjahr: 21.12.2011
Verlag: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Gewicht: 713g
Seiten: 420
Sprache: Englisch
Auflage Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1992.
Sonstiges: Taschenbuch, 242x170x22 mm