Progress in Botany

Structural Botany Physiology Genetics Taxonomy Geobotany/Fortschritte der Botanik Struktur Physiologie Genetik Systematik Geobotanik
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ISBN-13:
9783642762956
Einband:
Book
Erscheinungsdatum:
23.12.2011
Seiten:
440
Autor:
Karl Esser
Gewicht:
746 g
Format:
242x170x23 mm
Sprache:
Deutsch,Englisch
Beschreibung:

A. Structural Botany.- I. Cytology and Morphogenesis of the Prokaryotic Cell.- 1. The Bacterial Nucleoid and Cell Division.- 2. Cell Differentiation.- a) Caulobacter crescentus.- b) Multicellular Morphogenesis in Myxobacteria.- c) Sporulation in Bacillus.- d) The Mechanism of Spore Germination.- 3. The Assembly of Protein Complexes in Membranes.- 4. The Photosynthetic Reaction Center.- References.- II. Endomembrane Systems.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Synthesis of Endomembranes in Plants.- 3. Synthesis of Secretory Proteins.- 4. Receipt of External Molecules by the Endromembrane System.- 5. Transport Through the Golgi Stack.- 6. Exocytosis.- 7. Conclusion.- References.- III. Cytology and Morphogenesis of Pollen and Spores.- 1. Preparation Methods and the Preservation of Structures.- 2. Morphogenesis and Ultrastructure of Pollen and Spore Cytoplasm and Organelles.- 3. Pollen Grain/Spore Walls.- a) Terminology and Homology of Sporoderm Strata.- b) Sporoderm Development and Composition.- 4. The Phylogenetic Significance of the Developmental Aspects of Young and Mature Angiosperm Pollen Walls.- 5. Some Special Topics of Sporoderm Development and Structure.- a) Anther Tapetum.- b) Pollenkitt, Its Origin and Composition.- c) Biosynthesis of Sporopollenin.- d) Substructure of the Exine.- e) The Orbicules.- References.- B. Physiology.- I. Plant Water Relations.- 1. Water Relations of Cells and Tissues and Their Effects on Plant Performance.- 2. Root Water Uptake and Water Movement Through the Plant.- 3. Stomatal Control of Transpirational Water Loss.- 4. Effects of Water Relations on Germination and Growth.- 5. Implications of Water Stress.- a) Drought Effects on Metabolism.- b) Drought Resistance.- 6. Implications of Waterlogged Conditions.- 7. Habitat Water Relations and Plant Performance.- 8. Water Relations of Poikilohydric Plants.- References.- II. Mineral Nutrition: Inducible and Repressible Nutrient Transport Systems.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Nitrogen.- a) Induction of Nitrate Transport.- b) Induction and the Identification of the Nitrate Transporter.- c) Transport of Nitrite.- d) Ammonium Transport.- e) Nitrogen Transport and N-Deprivation.- 3. Sulfate.- a) Composite Nature of Sulfate Transport.- b) Regulation of the High Affinity Permease.- c) Co-ordination of Sulfate and Nitrate Transport.- d) Functional Significance of Changes in Permease Activity.- 4. Phosphate.- a) Constitutive and Inducible Transport Systems.- b) Modulation of the Activity of the High Affinity Permease.- c) Induction of Phosphatase and Other Proteins by P-Starvation.- d) The Nature of the Regulatory Pool.- e) Nutritional Significance of Altered Permease Activity.- 5. Potassium.- 6. Sodium.- 7. Iron.- 8. Conclusions.- References.- III. Secondary Plant Substances: Monoterpenoid Indole Alkaloids.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Rauwolfia serpentina.- 3. Catharanthus roseus.- 4. Cinchona ledgeriana.- References.- IV. Photosynthesis. Carbon Metabolism: On Regulation at the Cellular Level and at the Whole Plant Level, and Some Considerations Concerning the Interactions of These Regulatory Events with the Increasing Level of Atmospheric C02.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Uptake of C02.- 3. Environmental Regulation of RuBP Carboxylase Activity.- 4. Chloroplast Enzymes and Their Light-Mediated Regulation.- 5. Starch and Sucrose in Source and Sink Tissues.- 6. Mitochondrial Respiration During Photosynthesis.- 7. Photorespiration.- 8. Metabolism in Stressed Photosynthetic Cells.- 9. C4 Photosynthesis.- 10. C3-C4 Intermediate Photosynthesis.- 11. Photosynthesis and CAM.- 12. The Other C02-Fixing Enzyme: PEP Carboxylase.- 13. Photosynthetic Carbon Metabolism in a Future Atmosphere Containing a High Level of C02.- References.- V. Metabolism of Inorganic Nitrogen Compounds.- 1. Nitrogen Fixation.- a) Nitrogen Fixation by Free-Living Microorganisms.- b) Nitrogen Fixation by Symbiotic Microorganisms.- 2. Nitrate Reduction.- a) Assimilatory Nitrate Reduction.- b) Dissimilatory Nitrate Reduction
InhaltsangabeA. Structural Botany.- I. Cytology and Morphogenesis of the Prokaryotic Cell.- 1. The Bacterial Nucleoid and Cell Division.- 2. Cell Differentiation.- a) Caulobacter crescentus.- b) Multicellular Morphogenesis in Myxobacteria.- c) Sporulation in Bacillus.- d) The Mechanism of Spore Germination.- 3. The Assembly of Protein Complexes in Membranes.- 4. The Photosynthetic Reaction Center.- References.- II. Endomembrane Systems.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Synthesis of Endomembranes in Plants.- 3. Synthesis of Secretory Proteins.- 4. Receipt of External Molecules by the Endromembrane System.- 5. Transport Through the Golgi Stack.- 6. Exocytosis.- 7. Conclusion.- References.- III. Cytology and Morphogenesis of Pollen and Spores.- 1. Preparation Methods and the Preservation of Structures.- 2. Morphogenesis and Ultrastructure of Pollen and Spore Cytoplasm and Organelles.- 3. Pollen Grain/Spore Walls.- a) Terminology and Homology of Sporoderm Strata.- b) Sporoderm Development and Composition.- 4. The Phylogenetic Significance of the Developmental Aspects of Young and Mature Angiosperm Pollen Walls.- 5. Some Special Topics of Sporoderm Development and Structure.- a) Anther Tapetum.- b) Pollenkitt, Its Origin and Composition.- c) Biosynthesis of Sporopollenin.- d) Substructure of the Exine.- e) The Orbicules.- References.- B. Physiology.- I. Plant Water Relations.- 1. Water Relations of Cells and Tissues and Their Effects on Plant Performance.- 2. Root Water Uptake and Water Movement Through the Plant.- 3. Stomatal Control of Transpirational Water Loss.- 4. Effects of Water Relations on Germination and Growth.- 5. Implications of Water Stress.- a) Drought Effects on Metabolism.- b) Drought Resistance.- 6. Implications of Waterlogged Conditions.- 7. Habitat Water Relations and Plant Performance.- 8. Water Relations of Poikilohydric Plants.- References.- II. Mineral Nutrition: Inducible and Repressible Nutrient Transport Systems.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Nitrogen.- a) Induction of Nitrate Transport.- b) Induction and the Identification of the Nitrate Transporter.- c) Transport of Nitrite.- d) Ammonium Transport.- e) Nitrogen Transport and N-Deprivation.- 3. Sulfate.- a) Composite Nature of Sulfate Transport.- b) Regulation of the High Affinity Permease.- c) Co-ordination of Sulfate and Nitrate Transport.- d) Functional Significance of Changes in Permease Activity.- 4. Phosphate.- a) Constitutive and Inducible Transport Systems.- b) Modulation of the Activity of the High Affinity Permease.- c) Induction of Phosphatase and Other Proteins by P-Starvation.- d) The Nature of the Regulatory Pool.- e) Nutritional Significance of Altered Permease Activity.- 5. Potassium.- 6. Sodium.- 7. Iron.- 8. Conclusions.- References.- III. Secondary Plant Substances: Monoterpenoid Indole Alkaloids.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Rauwolfia serpentina.- 3. Catharanthus roseus.- 4. Cinchona ledgeriana.- References.- IV. Photosynthesis. Carbon Metabolism: On Regulation at the Cellular Level and at the Whole Plant Level, and Some Considerations Concerning the Interactions of These Regulatory Events with the Increasing Level of Atmospheric C02.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Uptake of C02.- 3. Environmental Regulation of RuBP Carboxylase Activity.- 4. Chloroplast Enzymes and Their Light-Mediated Regulation.- 5. Starch and Sucrose in Source and Sink Tissues.- 6. Mitochondrial Respiration During Photosynthesis.- 7. Photorespiration.- 8. Metabolism in Stressed Photosynthetic Cells.- 9. C4 Photosynthesis.- 10. C3-C4 Intermediate Photosynthesis.- 11. Photosynthesis and CAM.- 12. The Other C02-Fixing Enzyme: PEP Carboxylase.- 13. Photosynthetic Carbon Metabolism in a Future Atmosphere Containing a High Level of C02.- References.- V. Metabolism of Inorganic Nitrogen Compounds.- 1. Nitrogen Fixation.- a) Nitrogen Fixation by Free-Living Microorganisms.- b) Nitrogen Fixation by Symbiotic Microorganisms.- 2. Nitrate Reduction.- a) Assimilatory Nitrate Reduction.- b) Dissimilatory Nitrate Reduction and