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Cellular Interactions
With contributions by numerous experts
99
1 Introduction.- 2 Cellular Interaction: a Brief Conspectus.- 2.1 Introduction.- 2.2 The Cell Surface.- 2.3 The Plant Cell Wall.- 2.4 Cell-Cell Communication: Plant and Animal Situations Compared...- 2.5 Specific Interactions: Models and Theories.- 2.6 Self and Non-Self.- 2.7 Secondary Responses.- 2.8 Types of Cellular Interaction in Plants.- References.- 3 Evolutionary Aspects of the Eukaryotic Cell and Its Organelles.- 3.1 Introduction.- 3.1.1 The Origin of the Eukaryotic Cell.- 3.1.2 The Acquisition of Eukaryotic Features.- 3.1.3 The Origin of Eukaryotic Organelles.- 3.2 Group 1: Endomembrane Organelles.- 3.2.1 The Endomembrane System.- 3.2.2 Dictyosomes.- 3.2.3 Microbodies.- 3.2.4 Vacuoles and Lysosomes.- 3.2.5 Ejectile Organelles.- 3.3 Group 2: Mitochondria and Chloroplasts.- 3.3.1 The Endosymbiotic Hypothesis.- 3.3.2 Mitochondria - Their Possible Ancestry.- 3.3.3 Modification Within the Protoeukaryotic Host.- 3.3.4 Chloroplasts.- 3.4 Other Organelles.- 3.4.1 The Nucleus.- 3.4.2 Hypotheses on the Origin of the Nucleus.- 3.4.3 Microtubules.- 3.4.4 Speculations and Sequences of Origin.- 3.5 Metabolic Interactions.- 3.5.1 Fermentations and Oxygen.- 3.5.2 Aerobic Organisms, Endosymbiosis and the Integration of Metabolism.- 3.5.3 Protein Synthesis and Nuclear Control.- 3.5.4 Chloroplast Metabolism.- 3.5.5 Photorespiration: Three Cooperating Organelles.- 3.6 Concluding Remarks.- References.- 4 Autotrophic Eukaryotic Freshwater Symbionts.- 4.1 Introduction.- 4.2 The Taxonomic Position of Symbiotic Partners.- 4.3 The Location of Autotrophic Partners.- 4.4 Physiological Features of Symbiotic Partners and Their Association...- 4.5 Self-Regulation and Partner-Coordination in Endosymbiotic Systems.- 4.6 Specifity of Cell Recognition and Symbiotic Partnership.- 4.7 Ecology of Endosymbiotic Systems.- References.- 5 Autotrophic Eukaryotic Marine Symbionts.- 5.1 Introduction.- 5.2 Symbiont Genera and Species.- 5.2.1 RANGE.- 5.2.2 Systematics.- 5.3 Cellular Relationships of Symbionts and Hosts.- 5.3.1 Recognition and Selection.- 5.3.2 Placement.- 5.3.3 Regulation.- 5.4 Primary Production.- 5.4.1 Photosynthesis.- 5.4.2 Endosymbiotic Exchange of Carbon and Nitrogen.- 5.5 Ecology.- 5.6 Conclusions.- 5.7 Addendum - Prochloron (by R.A. Lewin).- References.- 6 Endosymbiotic Cyanobacteria and Cyanellae.- 6.1 Introduction.- 6.2 Taxonomy and Localization.- 6.2.1 Multicellular Hosts.- 6.2.1.1 Bryophytes.- 6.2.1.2 Pteridophytes.- 6.2.1.3 Gymnosperms.- 6.2.1.4 Angiosperms.- 6.2.1.5 Sponges.- 6.2.1.6 Tunicates.- 6.2.1.7 Others.- 6.2.2 Unicellular Hosts.- 6.2.2.1 Geosiphon pyriforme.- 6.2.2.2 Amoebae and Apoplastidal Algae.- 6.2.2.3 Diatoms.- 6.2.2.4 Cyanidium caldarium.- 6.3 Physiology.- 6.3.1 Nitrogen Metabolism.- 6.3.2 Carbon Metabolism.- 6.4 Symbiosis-Specific Features.- 6.4.1 Morphology.- 6.4.2 Physiology, Behavioural and Ecological Features.- 6.4.3 Regulation and Host-Symbiont Specificity.- 6.5 Conclusions.- References.- 7 Epiphytism at the Cellular Level with Special Reference to Algal Epiphytes.- 7.1 Introduction.- 7.2 Dispersal and Contact of Algal Epiphytes.- 7.2.1 Vegetative Propagules.- 7.2.2 Thallus Fragmentation as Dispersal Mechanisms.- 7.2.3 Spores.- 7.3 Specificity of Epiphytic Relationship.- 7.3.1 Specificity of Brown Algal Epiphytes and Basiphytes.- 7.3.2 Specificity of Red Algal Epiphytes on Brown Algal Basiphytes.- 7.3.3 Specificity of Red Algae as Epiphytes and Basiphytes.- 7.3.4 Seagrasses and Algal Epiphytes.- 7.3.4.1 Non-Specific Epiphytes.- 7.3.4.2 Specific Epiphytes.- 7.4 Ion Exchange and Nutrient Transfer Between Basiphyte and Epiphyte.- 7.4.1 Experimental Translocation of Radioactive Compounds.- 7.4.1.1 Algae as Epiphytes and Basiphytes.- 7.4.1.2 The Special Case of Ascophyllum nodosum and Polysiphonia lanosa.- 7.4.1.3 Algae Epiphytic on Seagrasses.- 7.4.1.4 Effect of Epiphytes on Eelgrass Photosynthesis.- 7.4.2 Implications of Seasonality of Epiphytes.- 7.5 Defence of Basiphytes Against Epiphytes.- 7.5.1 Self-Cleaning
H. F. LINSKENS and J. HESLOP-HARRISON The chapters of this volume deal with intercellular interaction phenomena in plants. Collectively they provide a broad conspectus of a highly active, if greatly fragmented, research field. Certain limitations have been imposed on the subject matter, the most impor tant being the exclusion of long-range interactions within the plant body. It is true that pervasive hormonal control systems cannot readily be demarcated from controls mediated by pheromones or information-carrying molecules with more limited spheres of action, but consideration is given in this volume to the main classes of plant hormones and their functions only incidentally, since these are treated adequately in other volumes of this Encyclopedia series (V - ume 9-11) and in numerous other texts and reviews. Similarly, certain other effects, such as those associated with nutrients and ions, are not considered in any detail. Furthermore, we have excluded intracellular interactions, and also consideration of transport phenomena, which are treated in detail in Vol ume 3 of this Series. Other aspects of inter-cellular interaction, such as cell surface phenomena and implications of lectin-carbohydrate interactions, and plant-virus inter-relationships, are treated in other sections of this Encyclopedia (Volumes 13B and 14B, respectively). In the volume on physiological plant pathology (Volume 4 of this series) special attention has been given to host pathogen interaction. These aspects of our subject will therefore be excluded in the present treatise.

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    Interactions; Pathogen; Zelle; Cell; plant; plants; Transport

Produktdetails

Autor: J. Heslop-Harrison
ISBN-13: 9783642693014
ISBN: 3642693016
Einband: Book
Seiten: 768
Gewicht: 1297 g
Format: 244x170x40 mm
Sprache: Englisch

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Autor: J. Heslop-Harrison
ISBN-13:: 9783642693014
ISBN: 3642693016
Erscheinungsjahr: 07.12.2011
Verlag: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Gewicht: 1297g
Seiten: 768
Sprache: Englisch
Auflage Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1984.
Sonstiges: Taschenbuch, 244x170x40 mm