A High-Rate Virtual Instrument of Marine Vehicle Motions for Underwater Navigation and Ocean Remote Sensing

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ISBN-13:
9783642320149
Einband:
Book
Erscheinungsdatum:
22.08.2012
Seiten:
98
Autor:
Chrystel Gelin
Gewicht:
323 g
Format:
247x163x13 mm
Serie:
Springer Series on Naval Architecture, Marine Engineering, Shipbuilding and Shipping
Sprache:
Englisch
Beschreibung:

This book proposes an onboard navigation system for USVs consisting of an Inertial Measurement Unit with accelerometers and rate gyros, a GPS receiver, a flux-gate compass, a roll and tilt sensor and an Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler, plus control software.
Recent research on navigation control of underwater vehicles
A low cost high rate motion measurement system for unmanned surface vehicle with underwater and oceanographic purposes is proposed

This study was successfully presented at ASME 2011 30th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering (OMAE2011)
Introduction.-Instrumentation and data acquisition system.- Data processing.- ADCP Processing.- At-sea experiment of data acquisition system.
Dead-Reckoning aided with Doppler velocity measurement has been the most common method for underwater navigation for small vehicles. Unfortunately DR requires frequent position recalibrations and underwater vehicle navigation systems are limited to periodic position update when they surface. Finally standard Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers are unable to provide the rate or precision required when used on a small vessel. To overcome this, a low cost high rate motion measurement system for an Unmanned Surface Vehicle (USV) with underwater and oceanographic purposes is proposed. The proposed onboard system for the USV consists of an Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) with accelerometers and rate gyros, a GPS receiver, a flux-gate compass, a roll and tilt sensor and an ADCP. Interfacing all the sensors proved rather challenging because of their different characteristics. The proposed data fusion technique integrates the sensors and develops an embeddable software package, using real time data fusion methods, for a USV to aid in navigation and control as well as controlling an onboard Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP). While ADCPs non-intrusively measure water flow, the vessel motion needs to be removed to analyze the data and the system developed provides the motion measurements and processing to accomplish this task.