Orphan G Protein-Coupled Receptors and Novel Neuropeptides

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ISBN-13:
9783540783503
Einband:
Buch
Erscheinungsdatum:
01.06.2008
Seiten:
259
Autor:
Olivier Civelli
Gewicht:
608 g
Format:
243x162x20 mm
Serie:
46, Results and Problems in Cell Differentiation
Sprache:
Englisch
Beschreibung:

The chapters of this book review the latest research in the field. Most of them are written by the original discoverers of the respective novel neuropeptide. Emphasis is placed not only on their discovery but also on their functional significance.
Comprehensive overview on GPCRs and the novel neuropeptides discovered with their help
The Orphanin FQ/Nociceptin (OFQ/N) System.- Orexins and Orexin Receptors: From Molecules to Integrative Physiology.- Prolactin-Releasing Peptide.- Structure and Function of Ghrelin.- GPR54 and Kisspeptins.- Neuropeptide S: Anatomy, Pharmacology, Genetics and Physiological Functions.- The Melanin-Concentrating Hormone System and Its Physiological Functions.- Biological Function of Prokineticins.- Neuromedin S: Discovery and Functions.- Relaxin-3, INSL5, and Their Receptors.- The NPB/NPW Neuropeptide System and Its Role in Regulating Energy Homeostasis, Pain, and Emotion.
Over the last decade it has been shown that orphan G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) can be used as targets to discover novel neuropeptides. A dozen neuropeptides have been identified through this approach. Each of these neuropeptides has opened new doors for our understanding of fundamental physiological or behavioral responses. For example the orexins, MCH and ghrelin carry fundamental roles in regulating food intake while neuropeptide S, neuromedin S, the prokineticins and the orexins are major players in modulating sleep and circadian rhythms. The chapters of this book review the latest research in the field, most of them are written by the original discoverers of the respective novel neuropeptide. Emphasis is set not only on their discovery but also on their functional significance. Since many of these neuropeptides are part of drug discovery programs, this book impacts academic as well as pharmaceutical research.