Convexity and Well-Posed Problems
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Convexity and Well-Posed Problems

 Previously published in hardcover
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ISBN-13:
9781441921116
Einband:
Previously published in hardcover
Erscheinungsdatum:
24.11.2010
Seiten:
320
Autor:
Roberto Lucchetti
Gewicht:
485 g
Format:
235x155x17 mm
Sprache:
Englisch
Beschreibung:

Intended for graduate students especially in mathematics, physics, and economics, this book deals with the study of convex functions and of their behavior from the point of view of stability with respect to perturbations. The primary goal is the study of the problems of stability and well-posedness, in the convex case. Stability means the basic parameters of a minimum problem do not vary much if we slightly change the initial data. Well-posedness means that points with values close to the value of the problem must be close to actual solutions. In studying this, one is naturally led to consider perturbations of both functions and of sets. The book includes a discussion of numerous topics, including: * hypertopologies, ie, topologies on the closed subsets of a metric space; * duality in linear programming problems, via cooperative game theory; * the HahnBanach theorem, which is a fundamental tool for the study of convex functions; * questions related to convergence of sets of nets; * genericity and porosity results; * algorithms for minimizing a convex function. In order to facilitate use as a textbook, the author has included a selection of examples and exercises, varying in degree of difficulty. Robert Lucchetti is Professor of Mathematics at Politecnico di Milano. He has taught this material to graduate students at his own university, as well as the Catholic University of Brescia, and the University of Pavia.
Convex sets and convex functions: the fundamentals.- Continuity and ?(X).- The derivatives and the subdifferential.- Minima and quasi minima.- The Fenchel conjugate.- Duality.- Linear programming and game theory.- Hypertopologies, hyperconvergences.- Continuity of some operations between functions.- Well-posed problems.- Generic well-posedness.- More exercises.
This book deals mainly with the study of convex functions and their behavior from the point of view of stability with respect to perturbations. We shall consider convex functions from the most modern point of view: a function is de?ned to be convex whenever its epigraph, the set of the points lying above the graph, is a convex set. Thus many of its properties can be seen also as properties of a certain convex set related to it. Moreover, we shall consider extended real valued functions, i. e. , functions taking possibly the values?? and +?. The reason for considering the value +? is the powerful device of including the constraint set of a constrained minimum problem into the objective function itself (by rede?ning it as +? outside the constraint set). Except for trivial cases, the minimum value must be taken at a point where the function is not +?, hence at a point in the constraint set. And the value ?? is allowed because useful operations, such as the inf-convolution, can give rise to functions valued?? even when the primitive objects are real valued. Observe that de?ning the objective function to be +? outside the closed constraint set preserves lower semicontinuity, which is the pivotal and mi- mal continuity assumption one needs when dealing with minimum problems. Variational calculus is usually based on derivatives.