First International Meeting on Microbial Phosphate Solubilization
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First International Meeting on Microbial Phosphate Solubilization

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102, Developments in Plant and Soil Sciences
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"The last decade has seen a significantly increased knowledge about phosphate solubilizing microorganisms. Sixty specialists from 13 countries met in Salamanca to discuss the problems of high P-unavailability as a soil nutrient for crops, and the hazards of an increasing phosphate input to aquatic habitats from industrial and mining activities, sewage disposal, detergents, and other sources. Updated solutions to enhance P-uptake by plants, bioremediation potential in the rehabilitation of ecosystems, taxonomic characterization interactions with mycorrizae, the physiological and molecular basis of PSM, and possibilities of genetic modifications of rhizospheric microorganisms were among the contributions presented. Challenges in commercializing a phosphate solubilizing microorganism were also outlined by a relevant biotech company. It is a wish of the editors to attract the attention of agronomists, environmentalists, technocrats and administrators holding responsibilities in the field of soil conservation and sustabinable agricultural production. TOC:From the contents
Contents; Preface;Taxonomy of rhizobia: An Overview: A. Willems; Genetics of phosphate solubilization and its potential application for improving plant growth-promoting bacteria: H. Rodríguez, R. Fraga, T. Gonzalez & Y. Bashan; Biodiversity of populations of phosphate solubilizing rhizobia that nodulates chickpea in different Spanish soils: R. Rivas, A. Peix, P. F. Mateos, M.E. Trujillo, E. Martínez-Molina & E. Velásquez; Phosphate solubilization activity of rhizobia native to Iranian soils: H. A. Alikhani, N. Saleh-Rastin & H. Antoun; Differential effects of coinoculations with Pseudomonas jessenii PS06 (a phosphate-solubilizing bacterium) and Mesorhizobium ciceri C-2/2 strains on the growth and seed yield of chickpea under greenhouse and field conditions: A. Valverde, A. Burgos, T. Fiscella, R. Rivas, E. Velázquez, C. Rodríguez-Barrueco, E. Cervantes, M. Chamber and J. M. Igual; Effect of Tilemsi phosphate rock solubilizing microorganisms on phosphorus-uptake and yield of field grown wheat in Mali: B. A. Hamadoun & H. Antoun; Screening for PGPR to improve growth of Cistus ladanifer seedlings for reforestation of degraded mediterranean ecosystems: B. Ramos, T. Pereyra de la Iglesia, A. Probanza, J.A. Lucas García, M. Mejías & F.J.Gutierrez Mañero; Phosphate-solubilizing microorganisms isolated from rhizospheric and bulk soils of colonizer plants at an abandoned rock phosphate mine: I. Reyes, A. Valery & Z. Valduz; Microbial solubilization of rock phosphate on media containing agro-industrial wastes and effect of the resulting products on plant growth and P uptake; N. Vassilev, M. Vassileva, A. Medina & R. Azcón; Making microorganisms mobilize soil phosphorous: A. Richardson; Future trends in research on microbial phosphate solubilization: one hundred years of insolubility: A. H. Goldstein; Molecular methods for biodiversity analysis of phosphate solubilizing bacteria (PSB): A.Peix , E. Velázquez & E. Martínez-Molina; Taxonomy of phosphate solubilizing bacteria: P. Kämpfer; Taxonomy of filamentous fungi and yeasts that solubilizes phosphate: E. Velázquez & M. E. Trujillo; Phosphate solubilizing microorganisms: effect of Carbon, Nitrogen, and Phosphorus sources: E. Nahas; Efficacy of organic acid secreting bacteria in solubilization of rock phosphate in acidic alfisols: S. Srivastava, M. T. Kausalya, G. Archana, O. P. Rupela & G. Naresh-Kumar; Solubilization of iron and aluminum phosphates in the soil by the fungus Aspergillus niger: C. B. Barroso & E. Nahas; Fertilizers, food and environment: J. M. Igual & C. Rodríguez-Barrueco; Phosphate Solubilizing Microorganisms vs. Phosphate Mobilizing Microorganisms: What separates a phenotype from a trait?: A. H. Goldstein & P.U. Krishnaraj; Challenges in commercializing a phosphate solubilizing microorganism: Penicillium bilaiae, a case history: M. Leggett, J. Cross, G. Hnatowich, & G. Holloway; Interactive effects of phosphate-solubilizing bacteria and mycorrhizal fungi at increasing plant P availability and their evaluation by using isotopic techniques: J. M. Barea, M. Toro & R. Azcón; Distribution pattern and role of phosphate solubilizing bacteria in the enhancement of fertilizer value of rock phosphate in aquaculture ponds: state-of-the-art: B.B. Jana; Construction of a vector for stable chromosomal integration of the phoc gene in plant growth- promoting bacteria: R. Fraga-Vidal, H. Rodríguez Mesa & T. González -Díaz de Villegas; Microorganisms with capacity for phosphate solubilization in Dão red wine (Portugal): L. R. Silva, R. Rivas, A. M. Pinto, P. F. Mateos, E. Martínez-Molina & E. Velásquez; Phosphate solubilizing microorganisms in the rhizosphere of native plants from tropical savannas: an adaptive strategy to acid soils?: M. Toro; Effects of solarization on phosphorus and on other chemical constituents of soil: A.F.M.A. Pinto, L.R. Silva, E. Velázquez, & A.César; Tricalcium-phosphate solubilizing efficiency of rhizosphere bacteria depending on the P-nutritional status of the host plant: A. Deubel, A. Gransee & W. Merbach; Phosphate Solubilizing Microorganisms in the rhizosphere of Pinus pinaster and in the mycosphere of associated Lactarius deliciosus: B. Ramos, J. Barriuso-Maicas, J.A. Lucas García, T. Pereyra de la Iglesia, A. Daza & F.J.Gutierrez Mañero; Characterization of a strain of Pseudomonas fluorescens that solubilizes phosphates in vitro and produces high antibiotic activity against several microorganisms: M. E. Trujillo, E. Velázquez, S. Miguélez, M. S. Jiménez, P. F. Mateos & E. Martínez-Molina; Phosphate solubilizing Bacteria Isolated from the inside of Glomus clarum spores from Cuba: L. Mirabal-Alonso & E. Ortega-Delgado; Polyphasic characterization of phosphate-solubilizing bacteria isolated from rhizospheric soil of the north-eastern region of Portugal: A. Valverde, J. M. Igual & E. Cervantes; Effects of plant community composition on total soil microbiota and on phosphate-solubilizing bacteria of ex-arable lands: I. Santa-Regina, A. Peix, T. Díaz, C. Rodríguez-Barrueco & E. Velásquez; Population dynamics of p-solubilizers in the rhizosphere of major weed species from a tropical delta soil: S. Seshadri & C. Lakshminarasimhan; Malic acid mediated aluminum phosphate solubilization by Penicillium oxalicum CBPS-3F-Tsa isolated from Korean paddy rhizosphere soil: R. Gadagi & T. Sa; Growth promotion of rice by phosphate solubilizing bioinoculants in a Himalayan location: P. Trivedi, B. Kumar, A. Pandey & L. M. S. Palni; Evaluation of the effect of a dual inoculum of phosphate-solubilizing bacteria and Azotobacter chroococcum, in crops of creole potato (papa "criolla"), "yema de huevo" variety (Solanum phureja): G. Faccini, S. Garzón, M. Martínez & A. Varela; Effect of inoculation with a strain of Pseudomonas fragi in the growth and phosphorous content of strawberry plants: L. Martín, E. Velázquez, R. Rivas, P. F. Mateos, E. Martínez-Molina, C. Rodríguez-Barrueco & A. Peix; Effects of phosphate solubilizing bacteria during the rooting period of sugar cane (Saccharum officinarum), Venezuela 5171 variety, on the grower¿s oasis substrate: M. Martínez & A. Martínez; Phosphate Solubilizing Bacteria Isolated from the Rhizosphere Soil and its Growth Promotion on Black Pepper (Piper nigrum. L) Cuttings: K. Ramachandran, V. Srinivasan, S. Hamza & M. Anandaraj; Effect of phosphorous solubilizing bacteria on the rhizobia-legume symbiosis: S. B. Rosas, M. Rovera, J. A. Andrés & N. S. Correa; Defense response in bean roots is not affected by low-phosphate nutrition: L. Alvarez-Manrique, A. Richards & E. Soriano; Solubilization of phosphate by a strain of Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. trifolii isolated from Phaseolus vulgaris in El Chaco Arido soil (Argentina): A. Abril, J. L. Zurdo-Piñeiro, A. Peix, R. Rivas & E. Velásquez; Effect of phosphate solubilizing bacteria on role of Rhizobium on nodulation by soybean: D.L.Wasule, S .R. Wadyalkar & A.N.Buldeo; Phaseolus lunatus is nodulated by a phosphate solubilizing strain of Sinorhizobium meliloti in a Peruvian soil: E. Ormeño, R. Torres, J. Mayo, R. Rivas, A. Peix, E. Velázquez, D. Zúñiga; Phosphate solubilizing rhizobia originating from Medicago, Melilotus and Trigonella grown in a Spanish soil: M. Villar-Igea, E. Velázquez, R. Rivas, A. Willems, P. van Berkum, M. E. Trujillo, P. F. Mateos, M. Gillis & E. Martínez-Molina; Effect of phosphorous on nodulation in nitrogen fixation by Phaseolus vulgaris: M. Olivera, N. Tejera, C. Iribarne, A. Ocaña & C. Lluch; Phaseolus vulgaris is nodulated by phosphate solubilizing strains from a new genomic group of Sinorhizobium meliloti in Canary Island soils: J. L. Zurdo-Piñeiro, A. Peix, R. Rivas, M. León-Barrios, A. Garrido-Martín, R. Pérez-Galdona, P. F. Mateos, E. Martínez-Molina & E. Velásquez; Role of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in the uptake of phosphorus by micropropagated blackberry (Rubus fruticosus var. brazos) plants: Y. Carreón- Abud & E. Soriano- Bello; Effect of plant species and mycorrhizal inoculation on soil phosphate-solubilizing microorganisms rhizosphere in semi-arid brazil: growth promotion effect of rhizospheric phosphate-solubilizing microorganisms on Eucalyptus camaldulensis: M. R. Scotti, N. Sá, I. Marriel, L. C. Carvalhais, P. P. Pinto, S. R. Matias, E. J. Corrêa, N. Freitas, M. A. Sugai, R. V. Passos; The interactive effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and rhizobacteria on the growth and nutrients uptake of sorghum in acid soil: J. Widada, D. I. Damarjaya, and S. Kabirun; Fertilizer potential of phosphorus recovered from wastewater treatments: L. E. de-Bashan & Y. Bashan; Microalgae growth-promoting bacteria as "helpers" for microalgae: a novel approach for removing ammonium and phosphorus from municipal wastewater: L. E. de-Bashan, J. P. Hernandez & Y. Bashan; Immobilization of mercury in soils of Venezuela using phospho-gypsum and sulphate-reducing bacteria: E. Adams, A. García-Sánchez, F. Santos, E. Velázquez & M. Adams-Meléndez; Soil phosphate solubilizing microorganisms and cellulolitic population as biological indicators of iron mined land rehabilitation: M.R.M. Scotti, N.H. Sá, S.R. Matias, R. Passos, J. R. Stehmann & J.P. Lemos-Filho; Effect of certain phosphate solubilizing bacteria on root-knot nematode disease of mungbean: M. R. Khan; Two strains isolated from tumours of Prunus persica are able to solubilize phosphate in vitro: J. L. Palomo, P. García-Benavides, P. F. Mateos, E. Martínez-Molina & E. Velásquez; Inorganic phosphate solubilization by two insect pathogenic Bacillus sp.: S. Seshadri, S. Ignacimuthu, M. Vadivelu & C. Lakshminarasimhan; Effect of certain fungal and bacterial phosphate solubilizing microorganisms on the fusarial wilt of tomato: M. R. Khan & S. M. Khan
University of Salamanca and Consejo Superior aquatic habitats from industrial and mining de Investigaciones Cient?´ ?cas (CSIC), two activities, sewage disposal, detergents, and other famous and traditional scienti?c organizations sources. Recommendations to enhance P-uptake have sponsored the First International Meeting by plants and crops, bioremediation potential in on Microbial Phosphate Solubilization (MPS) the rehabilitation of ecosystems, taxonomic held in Salamanca, Spain, on 1619 July 2002. characterization, interactions with mycorrhizae, The so called green revolution has provided the physiological and molecular basis of ph- us with grains to feed millions of humans and phate solubilizing microorganisms, possibilities of progress in medicine has increased longevity. genetic modi?cations ad hoc of rhizospheric Other moves of science have seen major advances microorganisms, and trials on prospective ino- of knowledge into cell biology and genetics and a lants were among the highlighted topics covered. threshold to success on what biosciences can Emphasis was made on the fact that studies make regarding a sustainable agricultural pro- on phosphate solubilization shall always be on duction can be envisaged at both short and long the line of contributing with extra available Ph- term. Besides Carbon and Nitrogen biogeochemical phorus to plants, with no competition whatsoever cycles, that of Phosphorus adds extra interest at with the important role of mycorrhizal assoc- increasing soil biological fertility.