The Red Soils of China: Their Nature, Management and Utilization
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The Red Soils of China: Their Nature, Management and Utilization

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M. J. Wilson
966 g
246x161x29 mm
Cancer Treatment & Research S
Preface; Colour Plate; Introduction and Background, M.J. Wilson et al.; PART I. THE NATURE, PROPERTIES, DISTRIBUTION AND CLASSIFICATION OF RED SOILS IN CHINA: SYNOPSIS AND OVERVIEW, M.J. Wilson et al.; Nature and Properties of Red Soils of the World, V.C. Baligar et al.; Distribution and Classification of Red Soils in China, Zhenli He et al.; Mineralogy of Red Soils in Southern China in Relation to their Development and Charge Characteristics, Mingkui Zhang et al.; Chemical and Physical Characteristics of Red Soils from Zhejiang Province, Southern China, Mingkui Zhang et al.; Rare Earth Element (REE) Geochemistry during Red Soil Formation in Southern China, Yuangen Yang et al.; PART II. CONSTRAINTS TO CROP PRODUCTION ON THE RED SOILS OF CHINA: SYNOPSIS AND OVERVIEW, Zhenli He et al.; Chemical Soil Constraints to Crop Production on Chinese Red Soils, Zhenli He et al.; Climatic Constraints to Crop Production in the Red Soils Area of Southern China, David J. Mitchell; Soil Water Holding and Supplying Capacities in the Hilly Red Soils Region Southern China, Jun Lu et al.; Erosion Rates and Crop Productivity on a Red Soil Experimental Site in Yunnan Province, E. Milne et al.; Soil Fertility Degradation in Eroded Hilly Red Soils of China, Jun Lu et al.; PART III. MANAGEMENT, UTILIZATION AND SUSTAINABILITY OF RED SOILS IN CHINA: OVERVIEW AND SYNOPSIS, Zhenli He et al.; Challenges in the Management and Utilization of Red Soils, Zhenli He et al.; Physiological and Genetic Aspects of Crop Plant Adaptation to Elemental Stresses in Acid Soils, Xiaoe Yang et al.; Response of Upland Rice Genotypes to Soil Acidity, N.K. Fageria et al.; Simulation Research on Water Balance and Optimal Irrigation in Crop Fields in a Hilly Red Soils Region of Southern China, Jun Lu et al.; Acid Tolerance of Some Forage Grasses and Effects of Phosphate, Potassium and Magenesium Application on their Growth, Xiangyun Chu et al.; Effect of P Fertilizer and Lime Applications on Growth of Annual Ryegrass on Acid Red Soils, Xiangyun Chu et al.; The Development of Sustainable Cropping Systems on Red Soils in the Highlands of South China, M.A. Fullen; Effects of Land Use on the Chemical and Physical Properties of Red Soils, Mingkui Zhang et al.; Effects of Organic Matter Amendment on Nitrogen Utilization and Transformation in Red Soils Using 15N Tracer Technique, Qingfu Ye et al.; Effect of Organic Matter Amendment on Uptake of Inorganic P by Ryegrass and transformation Dynamics of Phosphorus from 32P Labelled Ryegrass in Red Soil, Qingfu Ye et al.; Effects of pH on Microbial Biomass -C, and -P in Red Soils, G.C. Chen and Zhenli He; Effect of Land Use on Microbial Biomass -C, -N and -P in Red Soils, G.C. Chen and Zhenli He; Dynamics of Sustrate Utilization Pattern in Red Soils: An Indicator of Soil Quality Changes, H. Yao and Zhenli He; Soil Acidifaction under Tea Bushes and its Influence on the Biological Characteristics of a Red Soil, Shen Yu et al.; PART IV. SOCIO-ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF RED SOIL UTILIZATION AND THE APPLICATION OF NEW TECHNOLOGIES: SYNOPSIS AND OVERVIEW, M.J. Wilson et al.; A Socio-Economic Study of Kelang Village in Yunnan Province in Relation to Uptake by Farmers of Improved Management Practices on Red Soils in China, Michael P. Cuddy et al.; Establishment and Application of an Integrated Red Soils Resource Information System (ISIRS) for Hilly Ultisols in China, Z. Shi et al.; Integration of a Soil Information System and Optimum Tree Cluster for Agricultural Regionalization, Z. Shi et al.; PART V. CONCLUSIONS, M.J. Wilson et al.; Index.
The red soils of China are typical in their chemical, physical and mineralogical characteristics of red soils in other tropical and sub-tropical areas of the world, particularly in South America, Africa and south-east Asia. For the most part, these soils are highly weathered and inherently infertile. They are acidic, nutrient deficient, poor in organic matter and have a low water-holding and supplying capacity. They cannot sustain arable cropping systems without the most careful management and are highly susceptible to soil erosion, particularly on sloping land. It is the purpose of this book to present recent research showing how the problems associated with using the red soils in China for sustainable agricultural production can be overcome, using a variety of traditional and novel approaches. In principle, these approaches should be useful in other tropical and sub-tropical countries faced with the problem of making the best use of their fragile red soil resources. The term "in principle" is used deliberately because, of course, the different red soil countries invariably operate within dissimilar socio-economic frameworks. At the present time, China may be considered to be in the process of an "industrial revolution", rather like that that took place in Britain in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries.