Making Majorities: Constituting the Nation in Japan, Korea, China, Malaysia, Fiji, Turkey, and the United States
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Making Majorities: Constituting the Nation in Japan, Korea, China, Malaysia, Fiji, Turkey, and the United States

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Dru C. Gladney
503 g
228x153x21 mm
Contemporary Issues in Asia an

Introduction: making and marking majorities Dru C. Gladney; Part I. Japaneseness: 1. Cultural, racialism, and internationalism in the discourse on Japanese identity Kosaku Yoshino; 2. A conceptual model for the historical relationship between the self and the internal and external others: the Agrarian Japanese, the Ainu, and the special-status people Emiko Ohnuki-Tierney; Part II. Koreanness: 3. Who speaks for Korean Shamans when Shamans speak of the nation? Laurel Kendall; 4. Constructing and deconstructing 'Koreanness' Cho Hae-joang; Part III. Chineseness: 5. On three definitions of Han Ren: images of the majority people in Taiwan Hsieh Shih-chung; 6. Clashed civilisations? Muslim and Chinese identities in the PRC Dru C. Gladney; Part IV. Malayness: 7. Bureaucratic management of identity in a modern state: 'Malayness' in post-war Malaysia Shamsul A. B.; 8. Ideological work in constructing the Malay majority Anthony Milner; Part V. Fijianness: 9. Aspiring to minority and other tactics against violence John D. Kelly; 10. When 8,870 - 850 = 1: discourse against democracy in Fiji, past and present Martha Kaplan; Part VI. Turkishness: 11. From Ottoman to Turk: self-image and social engineering in Turkey Selim Deringil; 12. Minority/majority discourse: the case of the Kurds in Turkey Kemal Kirisci; Part VII. Americanness: 13. Studying mainstreams and minorities in North America: some epistemological and ethical dilemmas Richard Handler; 14. The illusion of paradise: privileging multiculturalism in Hawaii Jonathan Y. Okamura; Notes; References; Index.
Majorities are made, not born. This book argues that there are no pure majorities in the Asia-Pacific region, broadly defined, nor in the West, and challenges the thesis that civilizations are composed of more or less homogeneous cultures. The 14 contributors argue that emphasis on minority/majority rights is based on uncritically accepted views of purity, numerical superiority, and social consensus.