Language Origins: Perspectives on Evolution
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Language Origins: Perspectives on Evolution

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ISBN-13:
9780199279043
Einband:
Taschenbuch
Erscheinungsdatum:
01.08.2005
Seiten:
446
Autor:
Maggie Tallerman
Gewicht:
680 g
Format:
231x155x23 mm
Serie:
4, Studies in the Evolution of La
Sprache:
Englisch
Beschreibung:

This book addresses central questions in the evolution of language: where it came from; how and why it evolved; how it came to be culturally transmitted; and how languages diversified. It does so from the perspective of the latest work in linguistics, neuroscience, psychology, and computer science, and deploys the latest methods and theories to probe into the origins and subsequent development of the only species that has languages.
1. Introduction ; PART I EVOLUTION OF SPEECH AND SPEECH SOUNDS: HOW DID SPOKEN LANGUAGE EMERGE? ; Introduction to Part I: How did links between perception and production emerge for spoken language? ; 2. The Mirror System Hypothesis: How did protolanguage evolve? ; 3. How Did Language go Discrete? ; 4. From Holistic to Discrete Speech Sounds: The blind snowflake maker hypothesis ; 5. Infant-Directed Speech and Evolution of Language ; PART II EVOLUTION OF GRAMMAR: HOW DID SYNTAX AND MORPHOLOGY EMERGE? ; Introduction to Part II: Protolanguage and the Development of Complexity ; 6. Initial Syntax and Modern Syntax: Did the clause evolve from the syllable? ; 7. The Potential Role of Production in the Evolution of Syntax ; 8. The Evolutionary Origin of Morphology ; 9. The Evolution of Grammatical Structures and 'Functional Need' Explanations ; 10. Deception and Mate Selection: Some implications for relevance and the evolution of language ; PART III ANALOGOUS AND HOMOLOGOUS TRAITS: WHAT CAN WE LEARN FROM OTHER SPECIES? ; Introductin to Part III: The Broadening Scope of Animal Communication Research ; 11. An Avian Perspective on Language Evolution: Implications of simultaneous development of vocal and physical object combinations by a Grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus) ; 12. Linguistic Prerequisites in the Primate Lineage ; PART IV LEARNABILITY AND DIVERSITY: HOW DID LANGUAGES EMERGE AND DIVERGE? ; Introduction to Part IV: Computer Modelling Widens the Focus of Language Study ; 13. Cultural Selection for Learnability: Three principles underlying the view that language adapts to be learnable ; 14. Coevolution of the Language Faculty and Language(s) With Decorrelated Encodings ; 15. Acquisition and Evolution of Quasi-regular Languages: Two puzzles for the price of one ; 16. Evolution of Language Diversity: Why fitness counts ; 17. Mutual Exclusivity: Communicative success despite conceptual divergence
This book addresses central questions in the evolution of language: where it came from; how it relates to primate communication; how and why it evolved; how it came to be culturally transmitted; and how languages diversified. The chapters are written from the perspective of the latest work in linguistics, neuroscience, psychology, and computer science, and reflect the idea that various cognitive, physical, neurological, social, and cultural prerequisites led to the
development of full human language. Some of these evolutionary changes were preadaptations for language, while others were adaptive changes allowing the development of particular linguistic characteristics. The authors consider a broad spectrum of ideas about the conditions that led to the evolution
of protolanguage and full language. Some examine changes that occurred in the course of evolution to Homo sapiens; others consider how languages themselves have adapted by evolving to be learnable. Some chapters look at the workings of the brain, and others deploy sophisticated computer simulations that model such aspects as the emergence of speech sounds and the development of grammar. All make use of the latest methods and theories to probe into the origins and subsequent development of the
only species that has language.

The book will interest a wide range of linguists, cognitive scientists, biologists, psychologists, neuroscientists, and experts in artificial intelligence, as well as all those fascinated by issues, puzzles, and problems raised by the evolution of language.